Protecting yourself against flu

Cold weather can seriously affect our health, especially for people with long-term conditions or aged 65 or over. But there are some simple things you can do to help yourself stay well this winter. Find advice on keeping warm and well in winter on the NHS website.

See the NHS Stay Well This Winter video for advice on flu jabs and what to do if you feel unwell.​


A lot of people can get a free flu jab from their GP, either because they are more at risk of very serious effects of flu, or because they are more likely to spread the virus.



0 to 6 months0 to 6 months<div class="ExternalClassB2DD8662DA2549B8B40931957FE37EFE">Babies of this age cannot have flu vaccine, so the best way to protect them is for their mother to have the vaccine while pregnant. Expectant mothers can safely have the vaccine at any stage of pregnancy. ​<span id="ms-rterangecursor-start" style="display:none;"></span><span id="ms-rterangecursor-end" style="display:none;"></span></div>
2 to 4 years old2 to 4 years old<div class="ExternalClass6FEB80DEC60546E19BFB76B8881A89BE"><p>All children aged 2, 3 and 4 years should have a free nasal flu vaccine from their GP, because they are more likely to spread the flu virus. Getting your child vaccinated will help to stop the spread of flu to more vulnerable people, such as grandparents.​​</p> <p>Watch our <strong><a href="">Flu vaccine for 2, 3 and 4 year olds YouTube video</a></strong> for further information.​<span id="ms-rterangecursor-start" style="display:none;"></span><span id="ms-rterangecursor-end" style="display:none;"></span></p></div>
Health and social care workersHealth and social care workers<div class="ExternalClassDF8874C856D6452B8895C896582C4588">It’s important that you get a free flu jab from your GP to protect yourself and the people you care for. Getting vaccinated will help to protect vulnerable people you work with from flu, and help you to stay well so that you can continue the service you provide.​</div>
Over 65Over 65<div class="ExternalClassEB8DF79864F942DFA968ADEF6BDFC11F">If you are over 65 you should get a free flu jab from your GP. This is because you are at an increased risk of developing a more serious illness if you catch flu.​<span id="ms-rterangecursor-start" style="display:none;"></span><span id="ms-rterangecursor-end" style="display:none;"></span></div>
Unpaid carersUnpaid carers<div class="ExternalClass49B340712D354634B45913DAAE37EF0E">If you are the main carer of an older or disabled person, you should get a free flu jab from your GP. This will help to protect the person you care for from flu, and help you to stay well so that you can continue to look after them.</div>
PregnantPregnant<div class="ExternalClassC04B9C09040144DCBE039BFC9839A07E"><p>If you are pregnant, you should get a free flu jab to protect yourself and your baby. The flu vaccine can be given safely at any stage of pregnancy.</p> <p>Watch our <strong><a href="">Pregnancy and protection from flu YouTube video</a></strong> for further information.</p> ​​​​​<span id="ms-rterangecursor-start" style="display:none;"></span><span id="ms-rterangecursor-end" style="display:none;"></span></div>
School years 1 and 2School years 1 and 2<div class="ExternalClass287CD53E3AEF4CCF97D06342AE6EB96D">From October 2015, all children in school years 1 and 2 in England will be offered a free flu vaccine in the form of a nasal spray. This is part of a phased roll out of the vaccine to all children. <br><br> The vaccine will be offered in schools for this age group. Children in reception will continue to be offered the vaccine by their GP. <br><br> Public Health England and the NHS have produced guidance for school staff. Please see the <strong>documents section</strong> for a copy. <br> ​​​</div>




5 reasons to get your child vaccinated against flu reasons to vaccinate your child.pdf388012pdf
Which flu vaccine should children have Which flu vaccine should children have? flu vaccine.pdf330354pdf
ISL037 15 Flu 2015 EasyRead 2015.pdf1201781pdf
Information for headteachers and other school staff: Immunising primary school children against flu school flu vaccine info.pdf430232pdf
Flu, your pregnancy and your baby and flu.pdf389824pdf
Protecting your child against flu - Information for parents children from flu.pdf824123pdf

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