Public Space Protection Orders (PSPOs)

Leeds City Council has introduced Public Space Protection Orders (PSPOs) for 18 areas in Leeds and these are effective from 20 October 2017.

PSPOs deal with a particular nuisance in a defined public space where this is having a negative impact on the quality of life for those in that public space. Before introducing PSPOs the council had to apply the ‘test’ for a PSPO, this being:

the behaviour being restricted has to:

  • be having, or is likely to have, a detrimental (harmful) effect on the quality of life of those in the locality;
  • be persistent or continuing in nature; and
  • be unreasonable

The only prohibitions or requirements that may be imposed are ones that are reasonable to impose in order to prevent or reduce the risk of the detrimental effect continuing, occurring or recurring i.e ‘justifies the restrictions imposed by the notice’.

A PSPO lasts for a maximum of three years and can be renewed if necessary. Failure to comply with an order can result in a Fixed Penalty Notice of up to £100 or a maximum fine of £1000.

Leeds City Council’s PSPOs address issues around alcohol, Psychoactive Substances and ‘household wastes’.

Before introducing Public Space Protection Orders, Leeds City Council carried out statutory consultation as set out by the Home Office.

Area maps and signed/sealed PSPO documents

Frequently asked questions



Where do I go for more information? Where do I go for more information? <div class="ExternalClassB84C637EAEEF49738A61EC2366660466"><p>You can e-mail <a href=""></a>.</p><p>You can also write to us at:</p><p>Stephen Stewart<br> Leeds Anti Social Behaviour Team (LASBT)<br> Safer Leeds<br> Seacroft Community Hub<br> Deacon House<br> 1 Seacroft Avenue<br> Leeds<br> LS14 6JD<br> Tel: 0113 378 9662</p></div>
Why have Leeds City Council introduced Public Space Protection Orders?Why have Leeds City Council introduced Public Space Protection Orders?<div class="ExternalClass5106C5E78FAC465FBF6A8E9101D437FD"><p>Prior to 20 October 2017, Leeds City Council had 18 Designated Public Place Orders (DPPOs), which did not allow people to consume alcohol within certain ‘public places'. Following the changes introduced under the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, Leeds City Council had to reconsider its DPPOs and either withdraw, allow to expire, or replace them with the new Public Space Protection Orders (PSPOs). All our DPPOs expired at midnight on 19 October 2017, and therefore we wanted the opportunity to replace those with PSPOs.</p><p>Leeds City Council, West Yorkshire Police and our Community Safety Partners believe that the Public Space Protection Orders (PSPOs) will help continue to address concerns caused by alcohol; and will additionally address concerns caused by Psychoactive Substances and ‘household wastes’. Our alcohol terms apply to all 18 of our PSPOs, the Psychoactive Substances term applies to the City Centre, and ‘household wastes’ terms apply in Harehills and Armley.</p> </div>
Can you tell me about the Leeds PSPO Consultation?Can you tell me about the Leeds PSPO Consultation?<div class="ExternalClass71F38629154A45CD92D2F00CDBEDE834"><p>Public consultation on the PSPOs took place between Monday 12 June 2017 and Sunday 16 July 2017, and was primarily web based (although Leeds City Council’s Community Hubs and One Stop Centres did provide assistance to ‘non web savvy’ customers). Leeds City Council used social media extensively and received widespread publicity within local media.</p><p>The public consultation survey generated a response from 1117 respondents with a direct connection to the locality; and of those respondents a total of 76% stated that they supported a PSPO.</p><p>Overall, there was support for the PSPOs covering the restrictions around alcohol, psychoactive substances, and ‘household wastes’.</p> </div>
What are Psychoactive Substances, formerly known as ‘legal highs’? What are Psychoactive Substances, formerly known as ‘legal highs’? <div class="ExternalClassD88AA2B09AE94D249C036B78DCABECE5"><p>Psychoactive Substances mimic the effects of cocaine, ecstasy, amphetamine, and cannabis. They have had their chemical structure altered to avoid being classed as illegal substances.</p><p>They are structured and marketed in such a way as to avoid the controls of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971, and laws covering ‘Food Standards’ and ‘Medicine’. They are often marketed as ‘Research Chemicals’, and ‘not for human consumption’ and are sold as incense, or plant food; all of this to get around the law. They are often packaged in a way to attract young people.</p> </div>
Did the Government introduce Psychoactive Substances legislation? Did the Government introduce Psychoactive Substances legislation? <div class="ExternalClass36A8108661A14E0E91A564DA86BBA1DB"><p>The Psychoactive Substances Act (PSA) 2016 came into force on 26 May 2016. The Act makes it an offence to produce, supply or offer to supply, import or export any psychoactive substances if the substance is likely to be used for its psychoactive effects. The main intention of the ‘PSA’ was to stop shops, websites and people from trading in Psychoactive Substances.</p><p>Additionally, the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 has been amended and following implementation on 14 December 2016, some psychoactive substances are now covered by this Act. However, it is known that manufacturers of psychoactive substances are still producing substances which fall outside of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.</p> </div>
What are the ‘specific issues’ relating to ‘household wastes’?What are the ‘specific issues’ relating to ‘household wastes’?<div class="ExternalClassDC73F09C633941DE985E429DE9DFCDCE"><p>Leeds City Council’s Cleaner Neighbourhoods Team, who deal with environmental issues, have identified issues with waste receptacles and household waste left in the street for prolonged periods of time. This is detrimental in terms of causing obstructions for vehicles and pedestrians, and in terms of health. When bins are being left out this contributes to littering and fly-tipping and causes a hazard to residents. Despite various initiatives over the years by the Cleaner Neighbourhoods Team involving residents, some areas have shown no real improvement. The PSPOs for Harehills and Armley will therefore include a provision to help tackle this issue.</p></div>
How are the Public Space Protection Orders going to be enforced?How are the Public Space Protection Orders going to be enforced?<div class="ExternalClassCB6FA3DDA1A7435FB7DBECA0C9769CE1"><p>An ‘Authorised Person’ who might be a Police Officer, a Police Community Support Officer, or a Council Officer will be able to ask people to hand over to them ‘Intoxicating Substances’. This will include alcohol and Psychoactive Substances. This legislation only applies to a ‘public space’ within the defined geographical area covered by a PSPO. Premises and public space which are licensed under the Licensing Act 2003, are exempt in relation to alcohol.</p><p>In the case of Psychoactive Substances, possession of these within a Leeds City Centre PSPO area will be an offence.</p> <p>In the case of alcohol, failure to comply with an Authorised Person’s request to hand over the alcoholic substance within a PSPO area will be an offence.</p><p>In the case of ‘household wastes’ in Harehills and Armley; failure to comply with the terms as written in the Harehills and Armley PSPOs will be an offence.</p><p>The Authorised Person can issue a Fixed Penalty Notice (FPN) of up to £100, or can make an Application to Court. Failure to pay a Fixed Penalty Notice will result in a Court Application.</p></div>

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