Business rates, also known as non domestic rates are a contribution from businesses towards the cost of local services. Although collected by local authorities the money is pooled by central government and redistributed to councils on the basis of their need.
The gross rates payable on each property depend on the rateable value and the national non domestic multiplier. There are also a number of types of relief from rates which can be applied to individual accounts.
The rateable value of a property broadly represents the yearly rent that a property could have been let for on the open market on a particular date. For the current rating list, which came into effect on 1st April 2017 this date was 1st April 2015. The value is calculated by the Valuation Office Agency (VOA) which is part of HMRC. They can alter the value if circumstances change, and the ratepayer can appeal against the value if they believe that it is wrong. Further information, including details of how the value of most properties has been calculated and the grounds and process for submitting an appeal can be found on the VOA website.
National Non Domestic Multiplier
The rateable value is multiplied by the appropriate multiplier to calculate the rates payable, before any relief is applied. The multipliers are set each financial year by the Government, and for 2017/18 are 0.466 for occupied properties with a rateable value of under £51001 and 0.479 for empty properties and occupied properties with a rateable value of £51001 or over.