Part-night street lighting is the term we use for a light that switches off for part of the night.
Yes. There is no statutory requirement on Local Authorities in the UK to light the highway. The law states that:
•The Highways Act empowers local authorities to light roads but does not place a duty to do so.
•The Council has a duty of care to road users and has an obligation to light permanent obstructions on the highway, such as speed humps and central refuges.
•The Electricity at Work Regulations impose a duty on owners and operators of electrical equipment to ensure its safety
All street lights could potentially be part-night switched unless they meet the avoidance criteria. However, as part of the current proposals we are anticipating that only 8,000 of the 92,000 street lights in Leeds will be affected. This will consist of a combination of main roads and residential streets.
Prior to any lights being switched off, on-site risk assessments will be
carried out by our Street Lighting team using the avoidance criteria below.
Part-night switching will be avoided:
-On roads with a significant road traffic accident record during the
proposed switch-off period.
-In areas with an above average record of crime during the proposed switch-off period.
-In areas with a police record of frequent anti-social behaviour during the proposed switch-off period.
-In areas provided with CCTV local authority / police surveillance
-In areas with sheltered housing and other residences accommodating
-Around 24hr operational emergency services sites, including hospitals.
-At formal pedestrian crossings, subways and enclosed footpaths and alleyways where one end links to a street that is lit all night.
-Where there are potential hazards on the highway such as roundabouts,
central carriageway islands, chicanes and traffic calming features.
-Where public transport stops are in use during the proposed period of
switch-off (this was included in response to consultation feedback)
The street lights will be switched off from midnight to 5:30am. The original proposals suggested switching the street lights back on at 6am, however, following on from consultation feedback the time was brought forward.
All residents who live on a street where one or more of the street lights have been selected to be part-night switched will receive a letter notifying them of our proposals and provide more detailed information.
The part-night switching initiative commenced in October 2013 on main traffic routes and has been rolled out across Leeds. The programme is moving into residential areas in November 2014 and will progress across the city over the next 2 years.
Once selected, lights that are affected in residential areas will have a sign attached. On main roads signs have already been installed on the approach to indicate to pedestrians and motorists that they are entering a part night lighting area.
Traffic Routes - It is understandable that this may be seen as desirable to maintain at least some light in a street. However, there is a concern for drivers that the eye is unable to adapt quickly enough to the rapid “on/off” difference in light levels leading to the potential for reduced night time visibility and a potential increase in accidents. For this reason we would recommend that at least three lights in a row are converted to part-night switching on main traffic routes.
Residential Routes - When assessing street lights on residential streets, which generally carry little vehicular traffic other than that generated mainly by residents, it is reasonable to expect vehicles to be travelling at much lower speeds; therefore, the adverse effect of varying light levels is reduced and it is for this reason that it is considered reasonable to turn off alternate lights.
No, however this initiative may help to reduce future council tax rises.
If you have received notification that a light in your street is to be
part-night switched and you believe it is covered by the avoidance criteria,
please call 0113 222 4407; e-mail Highways@leeds.gov.uk or write to:
Highways and Transportation,
Selective Part-night Street Lighting,
Middleton Ring Road
Alternatively contact your local Ward Councillor – details can be found
using the the link:
Contact your ward councillor
Each road requires and individual assessment so it's anticipated that it will take up to three years before all identified streetlights have been assessed and part-night switches have been installed. The initiative should be completed by autumn 2016.
Reviews will be undertaken by the Street Lighting Partnership Group (membership includes the Emergency Services and our Officers, including the Road Casualty Manager) to determine any cause for concern and action to be taken. If, at any time, the records suggest that there is an unacceptable change in the incidence of crime or road traffic accidents and that the alteration to the street lighting is identified as the cause, then the energy saving measures will be terminated at that location.
-67% agreed with switching street lights off from midnight or sooner
-62% agreed with switching street lights back on at 6am or later
-69% agreed with switching street lights off on residential roads
-67% agreed with switching street lights off on main roads
-75% agreed with switching off street lights to save energy costs and carbon emissions
-71% agreed that street lighting helps reduce the fear of crime
-84% agreed with the criteria for where part-night switching should be avoided
-25% of respondents who classified themselves as disabled, are more likely to be out at least once or more times a week after midnight
-25% of respondents living in the Inner South area were more likely to agree to increasing council tax charges to fund increased energy costs
There was no significant difference between gender responses.
Additional comments that were received as part of the consultation process were included in the overall analysis. The consultation feedback report is available in the downloads section of this page.