Protecting yourself against flu
  • A to Z
  • Newsroom
  • Contact us
  • Accessibility
  • A- A+

Protecting yourself against flu

Cold weather can seriously affect our health, especially for people with long-term conditions or aged 65 or over. But there are some simple things you can do to help yourself stay well this winter. Find advice on keeping warm and well in winter on the NHS website.

See the NHS Stay Well This Winter video for advice on flu jabs and what to do if you feel unwell.​


Click to expand0 to 6 months

Babies of this age cannot have flu vaccine, so the best way to protect them is for their mother to have the vaccine while pregnant. Expectant mothers can safely have the vaccine at any stage of pregnancy. ​

Click to expand2 and 3 year olds

All children aged 2 and 3 years should have a free nasal flu vaccine from their GP, because they are more likely to spread the flu virus. Getting your child vaccinated will help to stop the spread of flu to more vulnerable people, such as grandparents.​​


Click to expandSchool years Reception, 1, 2, 3 and 4

From October 2015, all children in school years Reception, 1, 2, 3 and 4 in England will be offered a free flu vaccine in the form of a nasal spray. This is part of a phased roll out of the vaccine to all children. 

The vaccine will be offered in schools for these age groups. Public Health England and the NHS have produced guidance for school staff. Please see the documents section for a copy.

Click to expandOver 65

If you are over 65 you should get a free flu jab from your GP. This is because you are at an increased risk of developing a more serious illness if you catch flu.​

Click to expandPregnant

If you are pregnant, you should get a free flu jab to protect yourself and your baby. The flu vaccine can be given safely at any stage of pregnancy.

Watch our Pregnancy and protection from flu YouTube video for further information.


Click to expandUnpaid carers

If you are the main carer of an older or disabled person, you should get a free flu jab from your GP. This will help to protect the person you care for from flu, and help you to stay well so that you can continue to look after them.

Click to expandHealth and social care workers

It’s important that you get a free flu jab from your GP to protect yourself and the people you care for. Getting vaccinated will help to protect vulnerable people you work with from flu, and help you to stay well so that you can continue the service you provide.​

To view documents in PDF format you will require the free Download Adobe Reader Adobe Acrobat Reader

Did you find the information you were looking for?