Issues that affect vulnerable children
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Issues that affect vulnerable children

Most children and young people in Leeds will have all of their needs met from universal services, e.g. GP surgeries, children’s centres and schools.  About 30% of children and young people will at some point require extra support from services and agencies.

For some children and young people, these additional needs can be serious enough to constitute safeguarding concerns.  

The drop down headings on this page outline some of the concerns you may have about vulnerable children and young people you are working with. Each heading includes a One Minute Guide for further information about how children’s services and partners in Leeds respond to these issues.

Report your concerns about a child​

Click to expandAccessing, transferring and leaving services safely

It is important that children successfully access, make the transition from one service to another, and leave services safely and securely according to the procedures, processes and policies of each relevant agency working with them and their family.

Sometimes, families do not take up services, or a service ends or is not provided as expected. Appointments may not be kept, or contact is not established. When this happens, practitioners should always consider whether this raises any concerns about the child’s welfare or safety.   ​​​​

One Minute Guide (opens as a PDF)

Click to expandChildren and young people who are absent or missing from placement

Children and young people who repeatedly go missing may be at risk of a number of poor outcomes, including poor school attendance, and may be vulnerable to harm or exploitation.  ​​

One minute guide (opens as a PDF)

Click to expandChild sexual exploitation

Child sexual exploitation (CSE) is a form of sexual abuse, in which a young person is manipulated or forced into taking part in a sexual act. This could be as part of a seemingly consensual relationship, or in return for attention, affection, money, drugs, alcohol or somewhere to stay.  ​​

One minute guide (opens as a PDF)

Click to expandChild trafficking

A child has been trafficked if he or she has been moved within a country, town or city, or across borders whether by force or not, with the purpose of exploiting the child.  This includes sexual exploitation, forced labour such as domestic servitude and forced criminality such as begging or cannabis cultivation.  Any form of trafficking children is abuse. Children are coerced, deceived or forced into the control of others who seek to profit from their exploitation and suffering.  ​​

One minute guide (opens as a PDF)

Click to expandMissing education

Children Missing Education (CME) are children of compulsory school age who are not on a school roll and who are not receiving a suitable education otherwise (e.g. privately, electively home educated (EHE) or in alternative provision).  ​​​

One minute guide (opens as a PDF)

Click to expandFemale Genital Mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) refers to procedures that intentionally alter, mutilate or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. FGM is medically unnecessary and can have serious health consequences, both at the time it is carried out and in later life.  ​​​

Click to expandForced marriage

A forced marriage occurs without the full consent of one or both parties, or where consent is unable to be given (due to learning/ physical disabilities) and duress is a factor. Duress can include physical, psychological, financial, sexual and emotional pressure, use of deception and other means.  ​

One minute guide (opens as a PDF)

Click to expandHonour based violence (HBV)

HBV may include murder, fear of or actual forced marriage, controlling sexual activity, domestic abuse (including psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional), child abuse, rape, kidnapping, false imprisonment, assault, harassment and forced abortion. This list is not exhaustive.  

Such crimes cut across all cultures, nationalities, faith groups and communities. They transcend national and international boundaries; they are violations of human rights and there is no ‘honour’ in the commission of them.​

One minute guide (opens as a PDF)

Click to expandChildren and young people displaying problematic and harmful sexual behaviour

Problematic and harmful sexual behaviour can involve one or more children engaging in sexual discussions or acts that are inappropriate for their age or stage of development.  ​

One minute guide (opens as a PDF)

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