Geology
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 Geology



There are approximately 27,000 specimens of rocks, minerals and fossils in the Leeds collections. This includes a wide range of material from around the world, including some rare and interesting specimens.

Many of the best specimens were obtained in the nineteenth century by members of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society, or were donated to the society by prominent scientists and collectors of the time.

Click to expandMineralogy



This diverse and well organised collection of c. 7000 specimens, includes examples of many rare mineral species.

Among the highlights are:

 

  • Spectacular native silver specimens from Kongsberg, Norway


  • Among the best specimens of Matlockite ever found (pictured above), and associated crystals from Wirksworth, Derbyshire


  • Examples believed to be from the historical collections of Sir Alexander Crichton, including malachite from Ekaterinburg, Russia


  • Numerous excellent specimens of fluorite in different colour variants, and associated minerals such as galena, from across northern England 


  • A small number of meteorites

Click to expand​Petrology



The rock collection is diverse and of great educational value, including many local specimens as well as much material from elsewhere.

Highlights include:

 

  • Flexible sandstone from Delhi, India

 

  • An excellent suite of metamorphic rocks from Scandinavia


  • Examples of some weird and wonderful structures; fairy stones, cone-in-cone and septarian nodules

Click to expandPalaeontology



The extensive fossils collection includes a lot of important and interesting specimens across virtually all the major groups of fossils, including historically important and excellently preserved material.

Much of the historical interest in our palaeontology collection is only just becoming clear.

Highlights include:

 

  • Type material including Carboniferous crinoids and fish, and Cretaceous sponges


  • Entire ichthyosaur and plesiosaur skeletons

 

  • Superb local palaeobotany collections from the Coal Measures, and associated fauna in ironstone nodules

 

  • Extensive Carboniferous Limestone collections


  • Exceptionally preserved fossils from the Rhynie Chert, the Wenlock Limestone and a lobster from the Solnhöfen Limestone


  • Abundant mammal remains from a variety of cave and other sites in the UK and abroad; this includes the local Armley Hippo, and some superb cave bear skulls


  • Good collections of trilobites, ammonites, bivalves and fish – featuring Eccleshill’s infamous resident Megalichthys (pictured above)

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